18-GHz clock distribution using a coupled VCO array

Takayuki Shibasaki, Hirotaka Tamura, Kouichi Kanda, Hisakatsu Yamaguchi, Junji Ogawa, Tadahiro Kuroda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper describes an 18-GHz coupled VCO array for low jitter and low phase deviation clock distribution. To reduce the skew, jitter and power consumption associated with clock distribution, the clock is generated by a one-dimensional VCO array in which the oscillating nodes of adjacent VCOs are directly connected with wires. The effects of the wire length and number of unit VCOs in the array are discussed. Both 4-unit and a 2-unit VCO arrays for delivering a clock signal to a 16:1 multiplexor were designed and fabricated in a 90-nm CMOS process. The frequency range of the 4-unit VCO array was 16 GHz to 18.5 GHz while each unit VCO consumed 2 mA.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)811-822
    Number of pages12
    JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr


    • Clock distribution
    • High-speed I/O
    • Injection locking
    • Oscillators
    • Voltage-controlled oscillator

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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