Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is commonly associated with major BCR-ABL transcript. We present a child with blastic phase CML associated with minor BCR-ABL transcript without prior CML diagnosis. Diagnosis was achieved by fluorescence in situ hybridization of peripheral blood neutrophils, which identified 90% as BCR-ABL positive. The patient received chemotherapy with imatinib followed by dasatinib and underwent reduced-intensity hematopoietic allogeneic stem cell transplantation with prophylactic posttransplant dasatinib for 2 years and has remained in complete molecular remission. Our intensified treatment regimen was effective compared with previous studies on minor BCR-ABL CML describing inferior outcomes with tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.
- blastic phase
- chronic myeloid leukemia
- minor BCR-ABL fusion gene transcription
- reduced-intensity hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- tyrosine kinase inhibitor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health