A case of Timothy syndrome with adrenal medullary dystrophy

Miho Kawaida, Tokiya Abe, Toshio Nakanishi, Yoko Miyahara, Hiroyuki Yamagishi, Michiie Sakamoto, Taketo Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Timothy syndrome (TS) is a congenital long QT syndrome that is associated with syndactyly and mutations in CACNA1C, encoding an L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel, Cav1.2. Recently, TS has been associated with autism and other psychological disorders. This case indicated bradycardia by prenatal screening and was diagnosed as TS by the occurrence of syndactyly and QT prolongation at birth. Despite therapy with anti-arrhythmia reagents and a pacemaker, the patient died 2 months after birth and was autopsied. The heart showed mild dilation and mild hypertrophy with a focal disarray pattern, which may be inconsistent with typical cardiomyopathy. Unexpectedly, bilateral adrenal glands showed marked shrinkage and severe fibrosis of the medulla with a small number of single-strand DNA positive medullary cells and accumulation of hemosiderin-containing macrophages. This finding suggests that CACNA1C mutation may induce drop-out of medulla cells via apoptosis. This may be due to increased concentration of calcium ions consistent with Cav1.2 expression in adrenal glands as well as in the brain and the heart. This is the first report describing a systemic autopsy of TS with adrenal medullary dystrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-592
Number of pages6
JournalPathology International
Volume66
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Syndactyly
Adrenal Glands
Parturition
Hemosiderin
Long QT Syndrome
L-Type Calcium Channels
Mutation
Bradycardia
Autistic Disorder
Prenatal Diagnosis
Cardiomyopathies
Hypertrophy
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Dilatation
Autopsy
Fibrosis
Macrophages
Ions
Apoptosis
Psychology

Keywords

  • Adrenal gland
  • CACNA1C
  • Channelopathy
  • Timothy syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

A case of Timothy syndrome with adrenal medullary dystrophy. / Kawaida, Miho; Abe, Tokiya; Nakanishi, Toshio; Miyahara, Yoko; Yamagishi, Hiroyuki; Sakamoto, Michiie; Yamada, Taketo.

In: Pathology International, Vol. 66, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 587-592.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kawaida, Miho ; Abe, Tokiya ; Nakanishi, Toshio ; Miyahara, Yoko ; Yamagishi, Hiroyuki ; Sakamoto, Michiie ; Yamada, Taketo. / A case of Timothy syndrome with adrenal medullary dystrophy. In: Pathology International. 2016 ; Vol. 66, No. 10. pp. 587-592.
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