A case of traumatic shock complicated by methamphetamine intoxication

T. Horiguchi, S. Hori, Y. Shinozawa, S. Fujishima, H. Kimura, M. Yokoyama, J. Sasaki, S. Takatsuki, M. Suzuki, M. Yamazaki, N. Aikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A case of a 38-year-old male with traumatic shock complicated by methamphetamine intoxication is presented. The patient was involved in an assault which resulted in cardiac tamponade and right ventricular outflow laceration. Pericardiocentesis was immediately performed. However, profound metabolic acidosis greatly in excess of that expected from the short duration of the shock was revealed by arterial blood gas analysis. Another cause of the metabolic acidosis was suspected. The patient subsequently admitted to intravenous use of methamphetamine. Following hemodynamic and metabolic stabilization by continuous pericardial drainage and intravenous administration of sodium bicarbonate, the patient underwent cardiac surgery. His postoperative course was uneventful. There is a substantial association between methamphetamine users and traumatic accidents. In such cases, early identification of drug use is important. Marked metabolic acidosis, which conflicts with the diagnosed cause of shock, may be a clinical clue to methamphetamine intoxication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-760
Number of pages3
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Aug 19

Keywords

  • Cardiac tamponade
  • Hyperammonemia
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Methamphetamine intoxication
  • Traumatic shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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