A comparative multivariate analysis of household energy requirements in Australia, Brazil, Denmark, India and Japan

Manfred Lenzen, Mette Wier, Claude Cohen, Hitoshi Hayami, Shonali Pachauri, Roberto Schaeffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

262 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we appraise sustainable household consumption from a global perspective. Using per capita energy requirements as an indicator of environmental pressure, we focus on the importance of income growth in a cross-country analysis. Our analysis is supported by a detailed within-country analysis encompassing five countries, in which we assess the importance of various socioeconomic-demographic characteristics of household energy requirements. We bring together family expenditure survey data, input-output tables, and energy statistics in a multivariate analysis. Instead of a uniform Kuznet's curve, we find that the effect of increasing income varies considerably across countries, even when controlling for socioeconomic and demographic variations. The latter variables show similar influences, but differing importance across countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-207
Number of pages27
JournalEnergy
Volume31
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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