A comparison of stresses in implantation for grafted and plate-and-screw mandible reconstruction

Tomohisa Nagasao, Junpei Miyamoto, Tamotsu Tamaki, Hiromasa Kawana

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: During oral rehabilitation by dental implantation for mandibles reconstructed with plate and screws, intensified stresses can develop at the implant-bone interfaces and fixation screw-bone interfaces that might cause complications at these interfaces. The present study aims to evaluate the stresses occurring at these sites using the finite element method. Study design: Ten computer-aided design models simulating 10 mandibles were produced and were termed normal models. Simulation surgery was performed on these normal models, where parts of the models were removed and replaced by fibula or reconstruction plates plus screws. Depending on the replaced part (body [B] or body and symphysis [BS]) and the reconstruction materials (fibula [Fib] or reconstruction plate [Plate]), the modified models were termed B-Fib, B-Plate, BS-Fib, and BS-Plate models, respectively. For each model, an implant was embedded in the first molar region. Stresses occurring at the implant-bone interfaces and fixation screw-bone interfaces on mastication were calculated using the finite element method and compared among the model groups. Results: The stresses at the implant-bone interfaces showed no statistically significant differences among the 5 model groups. With the B-Plate and BS-Plate models, stresses at the fixation screw-bone interfaces were nearly twice as intense as those at the implant-bone interfaces. Conclusion: If it is allowed that complication risks correlate with stresses, fixation screws are more subject to failure than implants in performing implantation for mandibles reconstructed with a plate and fixation screws. Therefore, the fixation screws deserve special attention in performing oral rehabilitation for such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-356
Number of pages11
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology
Volume109
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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