The most appropriate treatment for patients with IgA nephropathy is controversial. Treatment with prednisolone, azathioprine, heparin-warfarin, and dipyridamole early in the course of disease may prevent immunologic renal injury in children with severe IgA nephropathy. To determine whether similar results can be obtained with a combination of just heparin-warfarin and dipyridamole, the effects of such treatment were compared to those of treatment with prednisolone, azathioprine, heparin-warfarin, and dipyridamole in 78 children with newly diagnosed IgA nephropathy showing diffuse mesangial proliferation. The patients were randomly assigned to receive either prednisolone, azathioprine, heparin-warfarin, and dipyridamole for 2 yr (group 1) or heparin-warfarin and dipyridamole for 2 yr (group 2). All of the 40 patients in group 1 and 34 of the 38 patients in group 2 completed the trial. The mean urinary protein excretion fell in group 1 patients (P ≤ 0.0001), but remained unchanged in group 2 patients. The mean serum IgA concentration was reduced in group I patients (P = 0.0002), but was unchanged in group 2 patients. BP and creatinine clearance were normal at the end of the trial in all but one group 2 patient, who developed chronic renal insufficiency. The percentage of glomeruli showing sclerosis was unchanged in group 1 patients, but increased in group 2 patients (P = 0.006). The intensity of mesangial IgA deposits decreased in group 1 patients (P = 0.02), but remained unchanged in group 2 patients. In conclusion, the present study shows that treatment of children with severe IgA nephropathy with prednisolone, azathioprine, heparin-warfarin, and dipyridamole for 2 yr early in the course of disease reduces immunologic renal injury and prevents increase of sclerosed glomeruli.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan|
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