A corpus-based study of geminate devoicing in Japanese: Linguistic factors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ever since Nishimura (2003, 2006) pointed out that voiced geminates can optionally devoice in Japanese when they co-occur with another voiced obstruent (e.g. /baddo/. →. [batto] 'bad'), the pattern has been analyzed within a number of theoretical frameworks and studied in several experimental studies. However, there are only a few studies on actual production data. Moreover, most of the previous studies have generally assumed that this pattern is a linguistically monolithic phenomenon-all OCP-violating geminates would have equal probability of devoicing. By studying the Corpus of Spontaneous Japanese (Kokuritsu-Kokugo-Kenkyuujo, 2008), we show that many linguistic factors affect the probability of the devoicing of voiced geminates: in addition to OCP (voice), we find effects of the location of the trigger with respect to the target, the number of triggers, place of articulation, and lexical usage frequency. All of these observed patterns accord well with phonetic considerations and/or cross-linguistic tendencies. We conclude that geminate devoicing in Japanese phonology is not a linguistically monolithic phenomenon, because the probability of devoicing is affected by several linguistic factors. We suggest that future analyses of this phenomenon should take into account the factors that are identified in this project.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-307
Number of pages8
JournalLanguage Sciences
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov

Fingerprint

linguistics
phonology
phonetics
Devoicing
Corpus-based Study
Geminate
Trigger
Theoretical Framework
Phonology
Experimental Study
Place of Articulation
Obstruents

Keywords

  • Devoicing
  • Geminate
  • Japanese
  • Lyman's Law
  • OCP
  • Variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

A corpus-based study of geminate devoicing in Japanese : Linguistic factors. / Kawahara, Shigeto; Sano, Shinichiro.

In: Language Sciences, Vol. 40, 11.2013, p. 300-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{87c85a8d1de04f51bd2487a097f8eab5,
title = "A corpus-based study of geminate devoicing in Japanese: Linguistic factors",
abstract = "Ever since Nishimura (2003, 2006) pointed out that voiced geminates can optionally devoice in Japanese when they co-occur with another voiced obstruent (e.g. /baddo/. →. [batto] 'bad'), the pattern has been analyzed within a number of theoretical frameworks and studied in several experimental studies. However, there are only a few studies on actual production data. Moreover, most of the previous studies have generally assumed that this pattern is a linguistically monolithic phenomenon-all OCP-violating geminates would have equal probability of devoicing. By studying the Corpus of Spontaneous Japanese (Kokuritsu-Kokugo-Kenkyuujo, 2008), we show that many linguistic factors affect the probability of the devoicing of voiced geminates: in addition to OCP (voice), we find effects of the location of the trigger with respect to the target, the number of triggers, place of articulation, and lexical usage frequency. All of these observed patterns accord well with phonetic considerations and/or cross-linguistic tendencies. We conclude that geminate devoicing in Japanese phonology is not a linguistically monolithic phenomenon, because the probability of devoicing is affected by several linguistic factors. We suggest that future analyses of this phenomenon should take into account the factors that are identified in this project.",
keywords = "Devoicing, Geminate, Japanese, Lyman's Law, OCP, Variation",
author = "Shigeto Kawahara and Shinichiro Sano",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.langsci.2013.07.001",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "300--307",
journal = "Language Sciences",
issn = "0388-0001",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A corpus-based study of geminate devoicing in Japanese

T2 - Linguistic factors

AU - Kawahara, Shigeto

AU - Sano, Shinichiro

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - Ever since Nishimura (2003, 2006) pointed out that voiced geminates can optionally devoice in Japanese when they co-occur with another voiced obstruent (e.g. /baddo/. →. [batto] 'bad'), the pattern has been analyzed within a number of theoretical frameworks and studied in several experimental studies. However, there are only a few studies on actual production data. Moreover, most of the previous studies have generally assumed that this pattern is a linguistically monolithic phenomenon-all OCP-violating geminates would have equal probability of devoicing. By studying the Corpus of Spontaneous Japanese (Kokuritsu-Kokugo-Kenkyuujo, 2008), we show that many linguistic factors affect the probability of the devoicing of voiced geminates: in addition to OCP (voice), we find effects of the location of the trigger with respect to the target, the number of triggers, place of articulation, and lexical usage frequency. All of these observed patterns accord well with phonetic considerations and/or cross-linguistic tendencies. We conclude that geminate devoicing in Japanese phonology is not a linguistically monolithic phenomenon, because the probability of devoicing is affected by several linguistic factors. We suggest that future analyses of this phenomenon should take into account the factors that are identified in this project.

AB - Ever since Nishimura (2003, 2006) pointed out that voiced geminates can optionally devoice in Japanese when they co-occur with another voiced obstruent (e.g. /baddo/. →. [batto] 'bad'), the pattern has been analyzed within a number of theoretical frameworks and studied in several experimental studies. However, there are only a few studies on actual production data. Moreover, most of the previous studies have generally assumed that this pattern is a linguistically monolithic phenomenon-all OCP-violating geminates would have equal probability of devoicing. By studying the Corpus of Spontaneous Japanese (Kokuritsu-Kokugo-Kenkyuujo, 2008), we show that many linguistic factors affect the probability of the devoicing of voiced geminates: in addition to OCP (voice), we find effects of the location of the trigger with respect to the target, the number of triggers, place of articulation, and lexical usage frequency. All of these observed patterns accord well with phonetic considerations and/or cross-linguistic tendencies. We conclude that geminate devoicing in Japanese phonology is not a linguistically monolithic phenomenon, because the probability of devoicing is affected by several linguistic factors. We suggest that future analyses of this phenomenon should take into account the factors that are identified in this project.

KW - Devoicing

KW - Geminate

KW - Japanese

KW - Lyman's Law

KW - OCP

KW - Variation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84883000449&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84883000449&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.langsci.2013.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.langsci.2013.07.001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84883000449

VL - 40

SP - 300

EP - 307

JO - Language Sciences

JF - Language Sciences

SN - 0388-0001

ER -