A cross-cultural study of organizational factors on safety: Japanese vs. Taiwanese oil refinery plants

Shang Hwa Hsu, Chun Chia Lee, Muh Cherng Wu, Ken'ichi Takano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study attempts to identify idiosyncrasies of organizational factors on safety and their influence mechanisms in Taiwan and Japan. Data were collected from employees of Taiwanese and Japanese oil refinery plants. Results show that organizational factors on safety differ in the two countries. Organizational characteristics in Taiwanese plants are highlighted as: higher level of management commitment to safety, harmonious interpersonal relationship, more emphasis on safety activities, higher devotion to supervision, and higher safety self-efficacy, as well as high quality of safety performance. Organizational characteristics in Japanese plants are highlighted as: higher level of employee empowerment and attitude towards continuous improvement, more emphasis on systematic safety management approach, efficient reporting system and teamwork, and high quality of safety performance. The casual relationships between organizational factors and workers' safety performance were investigated using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results indicate that the influence mechanisms of organizational factors in Taiwan and Japan are different. These findings provide insights into areas of safety improvement in emerging countries and developed countries respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-34
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Plant Oils
cultural studies
Safety
Taiwan
Japan
employee
performance
reporting system
teamwork
management
self-efficacy
supervision
empowerment
commitment
worker
Safety Management
Oils
Personnel
Self Efficacy
Developed Countries

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural
  • Occupational safety
  • Oil refinery industry
  • Safety climate
  • Safety culture
  • Safety management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Safety Research
  • Law
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Chemical Health and Safety

Cite this

A cross-cultural study of organizational factors on safety : Japanese vs. Taiwanese oil refinery plants. / Hsu, Shang Hwa; Lee, Chun Chia; Wu, Muh Cherng; Takano, Ken'ichi.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 24-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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