A cross-cultural study of organizational factors on safety: Japanese vs. Taiwanese oil refinery plants

Shang Hwa Hsu, Chun Chia Lee, Muh Cherng Wu, Kenichi Takano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)


This study attempts to identify idiosyncrasies of organizational factors on safety and their influence mechanisms in Taiwan and Japan. Data were collected from employees of Taiwanese and Japanese oil refinery plants. Results show that organizational factors on safety differ in the two countries. Organizational characteristics in Taiwanese plants are highlighted as: higher level of management commitment to safety, harmonious interpersonal relationship, more emphasis on safety activities, higher devotion to supervision, and higher safety self-efficacy, as well as high quality of safety performance. Organizational characteristics in Japanese plants are highlighted as: higher level of employee empowerment and attitude towards continuous improvement, more emphasis on systematic safety management approach, efficient reporting system and teamwork, and high quality of safety performance. The casual relationships between organizational factors and workers' safety performance were investigated using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results indicate that the influence mechanisms of organizational factors in Taiwan and Japan are different. These findings provide insights into areas of safety improvement in emerging countries and developed countries respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-34
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 1



  • Cross-cultural
  • Occupational safety
  • Oil refinery industry
  • Safety climate
  • Safety culture
  • Safety management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Law

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