Germline intragenic mutations in the GNAS locus result in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a (PHP1a) and related conditions. Nearly half of the previously reported GNAS intragenic mutations were structural variants, including 3 tandem duplications of 12-25 bp. However, the precise mutation spectrum and the genomic basis of GNAS structural variants remain to be clarified. Here, we report a de novo 50-bp tandem duplication in GNAS (c.723-772dup50, p.Glu259Leufs∗29) identified in a patient with typical clinical features of PHP1a. The mutant transcript was predicted to undergo mRNA decay or encode a nonfunctional protein. The 2 breakpoints of the duplication shared a 1-bp microhomology but were not associated with long homology or nucleotide stretches. We also examined the breakpoint structures of 3 previously reported GNAS duplications and found that 1 had a structure similar to that of our case, while the remaining 2 had blunt-ended breakpoints without microhomologies. In silico analyses revealed that the GNAS-flanking region was not enriched with repeats, palindromes, noncanonical DNA motifs, or GC content. This study expands the mutation spectrum of GNAS and provides the first indication that GNAS intragenic structural variants are induced by multiple processes, including nonhomologous end-joining and/or microhomology-mediated break-induced replication, independently of known rearrangement-inducing DNA features.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cytogenetic and Genome Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Feb 1|
- Chromosomal rearrangement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology