A design method of communication disturbance observer for time-delay compensation, taking the dynamic property of network disturbance into account

Kenji Natori, Kouhei Ohnishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a design method of time-delayed control systems. Because of the tremendous spread of computer networks, control strategies for time-delayed control systems are needed for network-based control systems (NBCSs) and other network applications. Although model-based or predictive control methods (like a Smith predictor) are often used for time-delay compensation, the performance often deteriorates when the value of time delay is uncertain. In these circumstances, a novel timedelay-compensation method based on the concept of network disturbance (ND) and communication disturbance observer (CDOB) has been proposed. The method has the same effectiveness for time-delay compensation as that of the Smith predictor. Furthermore, because the method works without delay-time model, it can be flexibly applied to many kinds of time-delayed control systems. In this paper, a design method of CDOB, considering the dynamic property of ND, is proposed in the situation of constant time delay. The dynamic property of ND leads to two design conditions of CDOB. Those design conditions are derived considering relationships between poles of CDOB and ND dynamics. Then, the actual design procedure of CDOB based on derived design conditions is presented in two different delay cases. The stability of the designed control systems is clarified by stability analysis. The validity of the proposed design method is verified by experimental results. Finally, we present experimental results in the case of random delay as an example of practical application of the time-delay compensation method to actual NBCSs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2152-2168
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May

Fingerprint

dynamic characteristics
Time delay
disturbances
time lag
communication
Control systems
Communication
computer networks
network control
Compensation and Redress
Computer networks
Poles
predictions
poles

Keywords

  • Communication disturbance observer (CDOB)
  • Network disturbance (ND)
  • Network-based control systems (NBCSs)
  • Pade approximation
  • Smith predictor
  • Time delay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

A design method of communication disturbance observer for time-delay compensation, taking the dynamic property of network disturbance into account. / Natori, Kenji; Ohnishi, Kouhei.

In: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 55, No. 5, 05.2008, p. 2152-2168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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