A functional IFN-γ-inducible protein-10/CXCL10-specific receptor expressed by epithelial and endothelial cells that is neither CXCR3 nor glycosaminoglycan

Kenzo Soejima, B. J. Rollins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interferon-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10)/CXCL10 is a CXC chemokine that attracts T lymphocytes and NK cells through activation of CXCR3, the only chemokine receptor identified to date that binds IP-10/CXCL10. We have found that several nonhemopoietic cell types, including epithelial and endothelial cells, have abundant levels of a receptor that binds IP-10/CXCL10 with a Kd of 1-6 nM. Surprisingly, these cells expressed no detectable CXCR3 mRNA. Furthermore, no cell surface expression of CXCR3 was detectable by flow cytometry, and the binding of 125I-labeled IP-10/CXCL10 to these cells was not competed by the other high affinity ligands for CXCR3, monokine induced by IFN-γ/CXCL9, and I-TAC/CXCL11. Although IP-10/CXCL10 binds to cell surface heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan (GAG), the receptor expressed by these cells is not GAG, since the affinity of IP-10/CXCL10 for this receptor is much higher than it is for GAG, its binding is not competed by platelet factor 4/CXCL4, and it is present on cells that are genetically incapable of synthesizing GAG. Furthermore, in contrast to IP-10/CXCL10 binding to GAG, IP-10/CXCL10 binding to these cells induces new gene expression and chemotaxis, indicating the ability of this receptor to transduce a signal. These high affinity IP-10/CXCL10-specific receptors on epithelial cells may be involved in cell migration and, perhaps, in the spread of metastatic cells as they exit from the vasculature. (All of the lung cancer cells we examined also expressed CXCR4, which has been shown to play a role in breast cancer metastasis.) CXCR3-negative endothelial cells may also use this receptor to mediate the angiostatic activity of IP-10/CXCL10, which is also expressed by these cells in an autocrine manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6576-6582
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume167
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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Glycosaminoglycans
Endothelial Cells
Epithelial Cells
Proteins
Chemokine CXCL10
Monokines
Platelet Factor 4
CXC Chemokines
Aptitude
Heparitin Sulfate
Chemokine Receptors
Chemotaxis
Natural Killer Cells
Cell Movement
Lung Neoplasms
Flow Cytometry
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Ligands
T-Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "A functional IFN-γ-inducible protein-10/CXCL10-specific receptor expressed by epithelial and endothelial cells that is neither CXCR3 nor glycosaminoglycan",
abstract = "Interferon-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10)/CXCL10 is a CXC chemokine that attracts T lymphocytes and NK cells through activation of CXCR3, the only chemokine receptor identified to date that binds IP-10/CXCL10. We have found that several nonhemopoietic cell types, including epithelial and endothelial cells, have abundant levels of a receptor that binds IP-10/CXCL10 with a Kd of 1-6 nM. Surprisingly, these cells expressed no detectable CXCR3 mRNA. Furthermore, no cell surface expression of CXCR3 was detectable by flow cytometry, and the binding of 125I-labeled IP-10/CXCL10 to these cells was not competed by the other high affinity ligands for CXCR3, monokine induced by IFN-γ/CXCL9, and I-TAC/CXCL11. Although IP-10/CXCL10 binds to cell surface heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan (GAG), the receptor expressed by these cells is not GAG, since the affinity of IP-10/CXCL10 for this receptor is much higher than it is for GAG, its binding is not competed by platelet factor 4/CXCL4, and it is present on cells that are genetically incapable of synthesizing GAG. Furthermore, in contrast to IP-10/CXCL10 binding to GAG, IP-10/CXCL10 binding to these cells induces new gene expression and chemotaxis, indicating the ability of this receptor to transduce a signal. These high affinity IP-10/CXCL10-specific receptors on epithelial cells may be involved in cell migration and, perhaps, in the spread of metastatic cells as they exit from the vasculature. (All of the lung cancer cells we examined also expressed CXCR4, which has been shown to play a role in breast cancer metastasis.) CXCR3-negative endothelial cells may also use this receptor to mediate the angiostatic activity of IP-10/CXCL10, which is also expressed by these cells in an autocrine manner.",
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