A germ cell-specific gene, Prmt5, works in somatic cell reprogramming

Go Nagamatsu, Takeo Kosaka, Miyuri Kawasumi, Taisuke Kinoshita, Keiyo Takubo, Hideo Akiyama, Tetsuo Sudo, Takashi Kobayashi, Mototsugu Oya, Toshio Suda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Germ cells possess the unique ability to acquire totipotency during development in vivo as well as give rise to pluripotent stem cells under the appropriate conditions in vitro. Recent studies in which somatic cells were experimentally converted into pluripotent stem cells revealed that genes expressed in primordial germ cells (PGCs), such as Oct3/4, Sox2, and Lin28, are involved in this reprogramming. These findings suggest that PGCs may be useful for identifying factors that successfully and efficiently reprogram somatic cells into toti- and/or pluripotent stem cells. Here, we show that Blimp-1, Prdm14, and Prmt5, each of which is crucial forPGCdevelopment, have the potential to reprogram somatic cells into pluripotent stem cells. Among them, Prmt5 exhibited remarkable reprogramming of mouse embryonic fibroblasts into which Prmt5, Klf4, and Oct3/4 were introduced. The resulting cells exhibited pluripotent gene expression, teratoma formation, and germline transmission in chimeric mice, all of which were indistinguishable from those induced with embryonic stem cells. These data indicate that some of the factors that play essential roles in germ cell development are also active in somatic cell reprogramming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10641-10648
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A germ cell-specific gene, Prmt5, works in somatic cell reprogramming'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Nagamatsu, G., Kosaka, T., Kawasumi, M., Kinoshita, T., Takubo, K., Akiyama, H., Sudo, T., Kobayashi, T., Oya, M., & Suda, T. (2011). A germ cell-specific gene, Prmt5, works in somatic cell reprogramming. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(12), 10641-10648. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.216390