Neuronogenesis in the neocortical pseudostratified ventricular epithelium (PVE) is initiated rostrolaterally and progresses caudomedially as development progresses. Here we have measured the cytokinetic parameters and the fractional neuronal output parameter, Q, of laterally located early- maturing regions over the principal embryonic days (E12-E15) of neocortical neuronogenesis in the mouse. These measures are compared with ones previously made of a medial, late-maturing portion of the PVE. Laterally, as medially, the duration of the neuronogenetic interval is 6 days and comprises 11 integer cell cycles. Also, in both lateral and medial areas the length of G1 phase (T(G1)) increases nearly 4-fold and is the only cell cycle parameter to change. Q progresses essentially identically laterally and medially with respect to the succession of integer cell cycles. Most importantly, from E12 to E13 there is a steeply declining lateral to medial gradient in T(G1). The gradient is due both to the lateral to medial graded stage of neuronogenesis and to the stepwise increase in T(G1) with each integer cycle during the neuronogenetic interval. To our knowledge this gradient in T(G1) of the cerebral PVE is the first cell biological gradient to be demonstrated experimentally in such an extensive proliferative epithelial sheet. We suggest that this gradient in T(G1) is the cellular mechanism for positionally encoding a protomap of the neocortex within the PVE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience