A humanin derivative, S14G-HN, prevents amyloid-β-induced memory impairment in mice

Hirohisa Tajima, Masaoki Kawasumi, Tomohiro Chiba, Marina Yamada, Kaoru Yamashita, Mikiro Nawa, Yoshiko Kita, Keisuke Koyama, Sadakazu Aiso, Masaaki Matsuoka, Takako Niikura, Ikuo Nishimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Humanin (HN) is a 24-amino acid peptide that protects neuronal cells from death caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related genes and amyloid-β (Aβ). Multiple studies have revealed its biochemical and neuroprotective characteristics in vitro; however, little has been known regarding whether HN is effective in vivo in AD model systems. We examined the effect of S14G-HN, a 1,000-fold more potent derivative of HN in vitro, on amnesia induced by Aβ25-35 in mice. The Y-maze test revealed that at least 50 pmol of S14G-HN by intracerebroventricular injection prevented Aβ-induced impairment of short-term/spatial working memory; however, 5 nmol of S14A-HN, a neuroprotection-defective mutant in vitro, did not prevent Aβ-induced amnesia. These results are in agreement with the structure-function correlation shown previously in vitro. In the water-finding task, S14G-HN prevented prolongation of finding latency (the time to find water) observed in Aβ-amnesic mice, indicating that S14G-HN also blocked Aβ-induced impairment of latent learning. In accordance with these observations, immunohistochemical analysis showed that S14G-HN sustained the number of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain and the striata nearly to the normal level. Furthermore, genistein, a specific inhibitor of tyrosine kinases, blocked recovery from scopolamine-induced amnesia by S14G-HN, suggesting that certain tyrosine kinase(s) are involved in the inhibitory function of S14G-HN in vivo. Taking these findings together, we conclude that S14G-HN has rescue activity against memory impairment caused by AD-related insults in vivo by activating the same intracellular neuroprotective machinery as elucidated previously in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-723
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Amyloid
Amnesia
Alzheimer Disease
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Cholinergic Neurons
Scopolamine Hydrobromide
Mice Gly(14)-Humanin
humanin
Water
Genistein
Short-Term Memory
Cell Death
In Vitro Techniques
Learning
Amino Acids
Peptides
Injections
Genes

Keywords

  • β-amyloid
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Humanin
  • Latent learning
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Spatial working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Tajima, H., Kawasumi, M., Chiba, T., Yamada, M., Yamashita, K., Nawa, M., ... Nishimoto, I. (2005). A humanin derivative, S14G-HN, prevents amyloid-β-induced memory impairment in mice. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 79(5), 714-723. https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.20391

A humanin derivative, S14G-HN, prevents amyloid-β-induced memory impairment in mice. / Tajima, Hirohisa; Kawasumi, Masaoki; Chiba, Tomohiro; Yamada, Marina; Yamashita, Kaoru; Nawa, Mikiro; Kita, Yoshiko; Koyama, Keisuke; Aiso, Sadakazu; Matsuoka, Masaaki; Niikura, Takako; Nishimoto, Ikuo.

In: Journal of Neuroscience Research, Vol. 79, No. 5, 01.03.2005, p. 714-723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tajima, H, Kawasumi, M, Chiba, T, Yamada, M, Yamashita, K, Nawa, M, Kita, Y, Koyama, K, Aiso, S, Matsuoka, M, Niikura, T & Nishimoto, I 2005, 'A humanin derivative, S14G-HN, prevents amyloid-β-induced memory impairment in mice', Journal of Neuroscience Research, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 714-723. https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.20391
Tajima, Hirohisa ; Kawasumi, Masaoki ; Chiba, Tomohiro ; Yamada, Marina ; Yamashita, Kaoru ; Nawa, Mikiro ; Kita, Yoshiko ; Koyama, Keisuke ; Aiso, Sadakazu ; Matsuoka, Masaaki ; Niikura, Takako ; Nishimoto, Ikuo. / A humanin derivative, S14G-HN, prevents amyloid-β-induced memory impairment in mice. In: Journal of Neuroscience Research. 2005 ; Vol. 79, No. 5. pp. 714-723.
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AU - Nawa, Mikiro

AU - Kita, Yoshiko

AU - Koyama, Keisuke

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