The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, a family of 40-45-kDa kinases whose activation requires both tyrosine and threonine/serine phosphorylations, are suggested to play key roles in various phosphorylation cascades. A previous study of Krebs and co-workers (Ahn, N. G., Seger, R., Bratlien, R. L., Diltz, C. D., Tonks, N. K., and Krebs, E. G. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 4220-4227) detected an activity in epidermal growth factor (EGF)- stimulated 3T3 cells that can stimulate inactive MAP kinases. We observed this activity in rat 3Y1 cells treated with various mitogenic factors and in PC12 cells treated with nerve growth factor (NGF). Its kinetics of activation and deactivation following EGF or NGF stimulation roughly paralleled that of MAP kinase. The MAP kinase activator required the presence of ATP and a divalent cation such as Mn2+ and Mg2+ and was inactivated by phosphatase 2A treatment in vitro. This activator has been isolated from EGF-stimulated 3Y1 cells by sequential chromatography and identified as a 45-kDa monomeric protein. It was able to activate mammalian and Xenopus MAP kinases in vitro and was very similar to Xenopus M phase MAP kinase activating factor, which was purified previously from mature oocytes (Matsuda, S., Kosako, H., Takenaka, K., Moriyama, K., Sakai, H., Akiyama, T., Gotoh, Y., and Nishida, E. (1992) EMBO J. 11, 973-982), in terms of its functional, immunological, and physico-chemical properties. Thus, the same or a similar upstream activating factor may function in mitogen-induced and M phase-promoting factor-induced MAP kinase activation pathways.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology