During the past 10 years, 125 operations for acoustic nerve tumors were performed on 114 patients at the authors's institution using a modified extended middle cranial fossa approach. This approach is based on a combination of King and Morrison's translabyrinthine-transtentorial approach and on the extended approach through the middle cranial fossa described by Bochenek and Kukwa. There were two hospital deaths (operative mortality 1.6%). In 102 operations on the initial tumor, total removal was performed in 89 cases (87%), and in 71 (80%) of these the facial nerve was anatomically preserved. Intracranial end-to-end anastomosis was performed on five of the 18 sacrificed facial nerves; a facial-hypoglossal anastomosis was carried out in the remaining 13 patients and in five (7%) of the 71 patients whose anatomically preserved facial nerve functioned poorly. In seven (39%) of the 18 patients in whom an attempt to preserve hearing was made, postoperative hearing was saved. In 23 operations on 17 patients for recurrent tumors, most of which had previously been removed subtotally via the suboccipital approach, total removal was accomplished in 13 (57% of the 23 reoperations and 76% of the 17 patients). At reoperation, the facial nerve was preserved in six (55%) of the 11 patients in whom the facial nerve had not been sacrificed. Postoperative leakage of cerebrospinal fluid occurred in 11 cases (8.8%), with rhinorrhea in 10 cases and otorrhea in one. Five of the fistulas were corrected by surgery and the rest healed spontaneously. Other complications were not significant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology