A molecular dynamics study of ethanol-water hydrogen bonding in binary structure i clathrate hydrate with CO2

Saman Alavi, Ryo Ohmura, John A. Ripmeester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Guest-host hydrogen bonding in clathrate hydrates occurs when in addition to the hydrophilic moiety which causes the molecule to form hydrates under high pressure-low temperature conditions, the guests contain a hydrophilic, hydrogen bonding functional group. In the presence of carbon dioxide, ethanol clathrate hydrate has been synthesized with 10 of large structure I (sI) cages occupied by ethanol. In this work, we use molecular dynamics simulations to study hydrogen bonding structure and dynamics in this binary sI clathrate hydrate in the temperature range of 100-250 K. We observe that ethanol forms long-lived (>500 ps) proton-donating and accepting hydrogen bonds with cage water molecules from both hexagonal and pentagonal faces of the large cages while maintaining the general cage integrity of the sI clathrate hydrate. The presence of the nondipolar CO2 molecules stabilizes the hydrate phase, despite the strong and prevalent alcohol-water hydrogen bonding. The distortions of the large cages from the ideal form, the radial distribution functions of the guest-host interactions, and the ethanol guest dynamics are characterized in this study. In previous work through dielectric and NMR relaxation time studies, single crystal x-ray diffraction, and molecular dynamics simulations we have observed guest-water hydrogen bonding in structure II and structure H clathrate hydrates. The present work extends the observation of hydrogen bonding to structure I hydrates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054702
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume134
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 7

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clathrates
Hydrates
hydrates
Molecular dynamics
Hydrogen bonds
ethyl alcohol
Ethanol
molecular dynamics
Water
hydrogen
water
Molecules
molecules
Time and motion study
Computer simulation
radial distribution
Carbon Dioxide
Relaxation time
integrity
Functional groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

A molecular dynamics study of ethanol-water hydrogen bonding in binary structure i clathrate hydrate with CO2. / Alavi, Saman; Ohmura, Ryo; Ripmeester, John A.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 134, No. 5, 054702, 07.02.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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