A Novel Blockchain-Based Product Ownership Management System (POMS) for Anti-Counterfeits in The Post Supply Chain

Kentaro Toyoda, P. Takis Mathiopoulos, Iwao Sasase, Tomoaki Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For more than a decade now, RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) technology has been quite effective in providing anti-counterfeits measures in the supply chain. However, the genuineness of RFID tags cannot be guaranteed in the post supply chain since these tags can be rather easily cloned in the public space. In this paper, we propose a novel POMS (Product Ownership Management System) of RFID-attached products for anti-counterfeits that can be used in the post supply chain. For this purpose, we leverage the idea of Bitcoin’s blockchain that anyone can check the proof of possession of balance. With the proposed POMS, a customer can reject the purchase of counterfeits even with genuine RFID tag information, if the seller does not possess their ownership. We have implemented a proof-of-concept experimental system employing a blockchain-based decentralized application platform, Ethereum, and evaluated its cost performance. Results have shown that, typically, the cost of managing the ownership of a product with up to six transfers is less than US$1.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Jun 28

Keywords

  • Anti-counterfeits technology
  • Bitcoin
  • Blockchain
  • Ethereum
  • Internet
  • POMS (Products Ownership Management System)
  • Protocols
  • RFID tags
  • Security
  • Supply chains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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