Background: Mutations in OTX2 cause hypopituitarism, ranging from isolated growth hormone deficiency to combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD), which are commonly detected in association with severe eye abnormalities, including anophthalmia or microphthalmia. Pituitary phenotypes of OTX2 mutation carriers are highly variable; however, ACTH deficiency during the neonatal period is not common in previous reports. Objective: We report a novel missense OTX2 (R89P) mutation in a CPHD patient with severe hypoglycemia in the neonatal period due to ACTH deficiency, bilateral microphthalmia, and agenesis of the left internal carotid artery (ICA). Results: We identified a novel heterozygous mutation in OTX2 (c.266G>C, p.R89P). R89P OTX2 showed markedly reduced transcriptional activity of HESX1 and POU1F1 reporters compared with wild-type OTX2. A dominant negative effect was noted only in the transcription analysis with POU1F1 promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay experiments showed that R89P OTX2 abrogated DNA-binding ability. Conclusion:OTX2 mutations can cause ACTH deficiency in the neonatal period. Our study also shows that OTX2 mutations are associated with agenesis of the ICA. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a transcription factor gene mutation, which was identified due to agenesis of the ICA of a patient with CPHD. This study extends our understanding of the phenotypic features, molecular mechanism, and developmental course associated with mutations in OTX2.
- Combined pituitary hormone deficiency
- Mutations in OTX2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism