A novel signal processing method using system identification for underwater surface electromyography

S. Uehara, Y. Muraoka, S. Tanabe, T. Ota, A. Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Currently, to record underwater surface electromyography (EMG), electrodes are covered with water-proof tape. For short-term measurement, waterproof tape prevents electrical leakage. However, during long-term measurement, water or sweat can contact the electrodes, changing the measurement conditions and gradually affecting the EMG data. The purpose of present study was to devise a novel method for prolonged underwater EMG recording, which estimate dry-land EMG from underwater EMG recorded by non-waterproofed electrodes using system identification techniques. Method: One healthy male participated in this study. System identification was used to convert underwater EMG signals to the estimated dry-land signals. Transfer functions were derived using two pairs of surface recording electrodes on the same muscle in parallel. System input was the EMG recorded using non-waterproofed electrodes; the output was the signal recorded underwater using waterproofed electrodes (supposed to be the same as dry-land signals). To examine the validity of the present method, three experiments were conducted. Result: There was a high positive correlation between the estimated dry-land EMG based on the non-water-proofed electrodes and the EMG obtained using waterproofed electrodes. To test the validity of long-term recording using the novel method, the estimated dry-land EMG signals were measured during 30 minutes of underwater stepping and were stable. Conclusion: The novel method using non-waterproofed electrodes with system identification techniques eliminated the effect of changes in measurement conditions and appears effective for long-term, underwater surface EMG recording.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalElectromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume49
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar

Fingerprint

Electromyography
Electrodes
Water
Sweat
Muscles

Keywords

  • Electromyography
  • System identification
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

Cite this

A novel signal processing method using system identification for underwater surface electromyography. / Uehara, S.; Muraoka, Y.; Tanabe, S.; Ota, T.; Kimura, A.

In: Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 49, No. 2-3, 03.2009, p. 103-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uehara, S. ; Muraoka, Y. ; Tanabe, S. ; Ota, T. ; Kimura, A. / A novel signal processing method using system identification for underwater surface electromyography. In: Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 2009 ; Vol. 49, No. 2-3. pp. 103-108.
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