A novel voltage-sensitive Na+ and Ca2+ channel blocker, NS-7, prevents suppression of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and reduces infarct area in the acute phase of cerebral ischemia in rat

Kortaro Tanaka, Daisuke Ito, Shigeaki Suzuki, Tomohisa Dembo, Arifumi Kosakai, Yasuo Fukuuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Binding of cyclic AMP to the regulatory subunit of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) is an essential step in cyclic AMP-mediated intracellular signal transduction. This binding is, however, rapidly inhibited in the acute phase of cerebral ischemia, indicating that the signal transduction via PKA is very vulnerable to ischemia, although this signal pathway is very important for neuronal survival in the brain. Several lines of evidence suggest that the activation of voltage-sensitive Na+ and Ca2+ channels is an important mediator of acute ischemic brain damage. In the present study, therefore, we examined the effect of a novel Na+ and Ca2+ channel blocker, NS-7 (4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-6-(5-piperidinopentyloxy) pyrimidine hydrochloride), on changes in the binding activity of PKA to cyclic AMP in permanent focal cerebral ischemia, which was induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery by the intraluminal suture method for 5 h in the rat. NS-7 (1 mg/kg) or saline was intravenously infused 5 min after occlusion. The binding activity of PKA to cyclic AMP and local cerebral blood flow were assessed by the in vitro [3H]cyclic AMP binding and the [14C]iodoantipyrine methods, respectively. NS-7 significantly suppressed inhibition of the binding activity of PKA to cyclic AMP in the ischemic regions such as the frontal and parietal cortices and the medial region of the caudate-putamen without affecting cerebral blood flow or arterial blood pressure. Infarct area measured in the brain slices stained with cresyl violet was significantly smaller in animals treated with NS-7 than in those treated with saline. Blockade of voltage-sensitive Na+ and Ca2+ channels by NS-7 was expected to reduce ischemia-induced depolarization and thus prevent a massive formation of free radicals, which is known to inhibit the binding activity of PKA to cyclic AMP. These data clearly indicate that NS-7 provides very efficient neuroprotection in the acute phase of cerebral ischemia, and sustains the normal function of PKA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-108
Number of pages11
JournalBrain Research
Volume924
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 4

Keywords

  • 4-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-6-(5-piperidinopentyloxy) pyrimidine hydrochloride (NS-7)
  • Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase
  • Focal cerebral ischemia
  • Na/Ca channel blocker
  • Neuroprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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