A peptide antigen derived from EGFR T790M is immunogenic in non-small cell lung cancer

Kazuya Ofuji, Yoshitaka Tada, Toshiaki Yoshikawa, Manami Shimomura, Mayuko Yoshimura, Keigo Saito, Yasunari Nakamoto, Tetsuya Nakatsura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), such as gefitinib and erlotinib, have demonstrated marked clinical activity against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC ) harboring activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR ) mutations. However, in most cases, patients develop acquired resistance to EGFR-T KI therapy. The threonine to methionine change at codon 790 of EGFR (EGFR T790M) mutation is the most common acquired resistance mutation, and is present in ∼50% cases of TKI resistance. New treatment strategies for NSCLC patients harboring the EGFR T790M mutation are required. We evaluated the immunogenicity of an antigen derived from EGFR with the T790M mutation. Using BIMAS we selected several EGFR T790M-derived peptides bound to human leukocyte antigen (HLA )-A ∗02:01. T790M-A peptide (789-797) (IMQLMPFGC )-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL s) were induced from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HLA-A 2+ healthy donors. An established T790M-A- specific CTL line showed reactivity against the NC SLC cell line, H1975-A 2 (HLA-A 2+, T790M+), but not H1975 (HLA-A 2-, T790M+), and the corresponding wild-type peptide (IT QLMPFGC )-pulsed T2 cells using an interferon-γ (IFN- γ) enzyme-linked immuno spot (ELI SPOT ) assay. This CTL line also demonstrated peptide-specific cytotoxicity against H1975-A2 cells. This finding suggests that the EGFR T790M mutation-derived antigen could be a new target for cancer immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-504
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Acquired resistance
  • CTL epitope
  • EGFR T790M
  • Immunotherapy
  • Non-small cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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