We demonstrate a peristaltic micropump that utilizes traveling waves on polymer membranes to transport liquids. This micropump requires no valves and, more importantly, the traveling waves can be generated by a single actuator. These features enable the design of simple, compact devices. This micropump has a hydraulic displacement amplification mechanism (HDAM) that encapsulates an incompressible fluid with flexible polymer membranes made of polydimethyl siloxane. A microchannel is attached to the top side of the HDAM. We used a cantilever-type piezoelectric actuator to oscillate the flexible membrane at the bottom of the HDAM, while the top-side membrane drives the liquid in the channel. This format enables rectangular parallelepiped micropumps as compact as 36 mm long, 10 mm wide and several millimeters high, depending on the channel height. Experiments using the fabricated micropumps equipped with microchannels of various heights revealed that the flow rate was dependent on the ratio of the amplitude of the traveling waves to the height of the fluidic channel. The manufactured micropump could successfully generate a maximum flow rate of 1.5 ml min-1 at 180 mW.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering