A pilot study of combining social skills training and parenting training for children with autism spectrum disorders and their parents in Japan

Junko Okajima, Noriko Kato, Minako Nakamura, Ryoko Otani, Junichi Yamamoto, Ryoichi Sakuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of a program containing a combination of social skills training (SST) and parenting training (PT) for the enrichment of social interaction skills and reduction of parenting stress for children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) and their parents in Japan. Twenty-two patients with HFASD from second to fourth grade and their parents were assigned to a training group (TG) or treatment as usual (TAU) and compared. The children with HFASD and their parents who were assigned to the TG participated in the manualized program for over a period of five to six months. Subjects provided demographic and medical information and completed teacher and parent-rating scales for social competence (Social Responsiveness Scale-2: SRS-2) and parent-rating of parenting stress (Parental Stress Index: PSI) and mental health (General Health Questionnaire-28: GHQ-28). The participants exhibited some improvements pre-, middle-, and post-treatment, particularly regarding the GHQ, PSI and SRS-2, as reported by parents. However, the social skills improvement reported by teachers was not significant. At the three-month follow-up, parent-rated GHQ and PSI maintained improvement, and SRS-2 achieved the greatest improvement from the baseline rating. Although some findings indicate that a program combination of SST and PT might be useful for enhancing social skills and improving parental stress and mental health, some subscales did not show a sufficient effect. Future research should consider program contents and provide longitudinal follow-up data to test the durability of the treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain and Development
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • High-function
  • Parenting training
  • Social skills training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A pilot study of combining social skills training and parenting training for children with autism spectrum disorders and their parents in Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this