A polarized laser backlight using a zero-zero-birefringence polymer for liquid crystal displays

Takahiro Kurashima, Koichi Sakuma, Takayuki Arai, Akihiro Tagaya, Yasuhiro Koike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have demonstrated a polarized laser backlight for liquid crystal displays and have investigated its basic polarization properties. To maintain the state of polarization of light propagating through the light-guide plate (LGP) of the backlight, we fabricated the LGP by injection molding of a zero-zero-birefringence polymer, poly(methyl methacrylate-co-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate-co-benzyl methacrylate) (52: 42: 6 by mass) that is free of both orientational and photoelastic birefringence. The degree of polarization of light from the resulting backlight (average: 92. 4%) was much higher than that from a backlight with a polycarbonate LGP (average: 8. 0%) in the defined effective range of the backlight. A laser speckle pattern was observed but the speckle contrast on the output surface of the backlight was reduced from 68 to 10% by vibrating a diffuser sheet situated in front of the output surface of the LGP. We also manufactured a white surface light source [chromaticity (value: x, y) = (0:310, 0:314)] by mixing the outputs from three primary-color-emitting lasers in the backlight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-418
Number of pages4
JournalOptical Review
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov

Fingerprint

birefringence
liquid crystals
polymers
lasers
output
polarization
injection molding
diffusers
speckle patterns
polycarbonates
polymethyl methacrylate
light sources
color

Keywords

  • backlight
  • birefringence
  • liquid crystal display
  • polarized laser backlight
  • speckle
  • zero-zero-birefringence polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

A polarized laser backlight using a zero-zero-birefringence polymer for liquid crystal displays. / Kurashima, Takahiro; Sakuma, Koichi; Arai, Takayuki; Tagaya, Akihiro; Koike, Yasuhiro.

In: Optical Review, Vol. 19, No. 6, 11.2012, p. 415-418.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kurashima, Takahiro ; Sakuma, Koichi ; Arai, Takayuki ; Tagaya, Akihiro ; Koike, Yasuhiro. / A polarized laser backlight using a zero-zero-birefringence polymer for liquid crystal displays. In: Optical Review. 2012 ; Vol. 19, No. 6. pp. 415-418.
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