A primary role for disulfide formation in the productive folding of prokaryotic Cu,,Zn-superoxide dismutase

Yasuyuki Sakurai, Itsuki Anzai, Yoshiaki Furukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enzymatic activation of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) requires not only binding of a catalytic copper ion but also formation of an intramolecular disulfide bond. Indeed, the disulfide bond is completely conserved among all species possessing SOD1; however, it remains obscure how disulfide formation controls the enzymatic activity of SOD1. Here, we show that disulfide formation is a primary event in the folding process of prokaryotic SOD1 (SodC) localized to the periplasmic space. Escherichia coli SodC was found to attain β-sheet structure upon formation of the disulfide bond, whereas disulfide-reduced SodC assumed little secondary structure even in the presence of copper and zinc ions. Moreover, reduction of the disulfide bond made SodC highly susceptible to proteolytic degradation. We thus propose that the thiol-disulfide status in SodC controls the intracellular stability of this antioxidant enzyme and that the oxidizing environment of the periplasm is required for the enzymatic activation of SodC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20139-20149
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume289
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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