The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of the short-acting β1-receptor blocker, landiolol hydrochloride (0.06 and 0.125-mg/kg), to placebo during coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in a phase 2 dose-finding study. A total of 183 patients suspected of having ischemic cardiac disease and scheduled to undergo an invasive coronary angiography were randomized to groups treated with landiolol hydrochloride (0.06 or 0.125-mg/kg) or placebo. The heart rate, safety, and the performance of coronary diagnosis using landiolol hydrochloride were evaluated in a multicenter, doubleblind, randomized, parallel study. The patients' heart rates during the coronary CTA were 67.6 ± 8.7 and 62.6 ± 7.8 beats/min in the 0.06 and 0.125-mg/kg landiolol hydrochloride groups, respectively, both of which were significantly lower than the heat rate of 73.7 ± 11.8 beats/min in the placebo group (P = 0.003 and P<0.001, respectively). No adverse events or reactions occurred at an incidence of 5 % or greater, confirming the safety of landiolol hydrochloride. The proportion of correctly classified patients was significantly higher in the 0.125-mg/kg landiolol hydrochloride group than in the placebo group (73.6 vs. 50.0 %). Landiolol hydrochloride at doses of 0.06 and 0.125-mg/kg significantly decreased the heart rate compared with a placebo. The present findings suggest that landiolol hydrochloride is safe and useful at a dose of 0.125-mg/kg to improve coronary diagnostic performance during coronary CTA.
- Computed tomography
- Coronary artery
- Heart rate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine