A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Teprenone in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease

Shunichi Yokoyama, Takuma Yoshinaga, Juntaro Matsuzaki, Hidekazu Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Teprenone (geranylgeranylacetone), an anti-ulcer agent, has been reported to inhibit amyloid-β increase, senile plaque formation, and neuronal degeneration, and improve memory in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Objective: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to ascertain teprenone's therapeutic ability for AD. Methods: Patients with mild to moderate AD, with a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 13 to 26, were randomly allocated into two groups depending on the administered drug: donepezil+ placebo (placebo group) and donepezil+teprenone (teprenone group). The primary and secondary endpoints included changes in scores of the Japanese version of the AD Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-J cog) and other evaluations, respectively, including MMSE scores, during a 12-month period after the first administration. Results: Forty-two and thirty-seven patients were allocated to the teprenone and placebo groups, respectively. ADAS-J cog score changes were not different between groups (placebo, 0.6±0.8; teprenone, 0.4±0.8; p=0.861). However, MMSE scores significantly improved in the teprenone group (placebo, - 1.2±0.5; teprenone, 0.2±0.5; p=0.044). Subgroup analysis considering the severity of medial temporal area atrophy revealed that this improvement by teprenone was significant in patients with mild (p=0.013) but not with severe atrophy (p=0.611). Adverse events were observed in 17.8 and 10.4% of patients in the placebo and teprenone group, respectively. Conclusion: Teprenone may be effective for AD when administered before atrophy progression in the medial temporal areas. Trial Registration: UMIN ID: UMIN000016843

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1187-1199
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • dementia
  • donepezil
  • drug repositioning
  • geranylgeranylacetone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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