A review on phytochemistry and medicinal properties of the genus Achillea

S. Saeidnia, A. R. Gohari, N. Mokhber-Dezfuli, F. Kiuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Achillea L. (Compositae or Asteraceae) is a widely distributed medicinal plant throughout the world and has been used since ancient time. Popular indications of the several species of this genus include treatment of wounds, bleedings, headache, infammation, pains, spasmodic diseases, fatulence and dyspepsia. Phytochemical investigations of Achillea species have revealed that many components from this genus are highly bioactive. There are many reports on the mentioned folk and traditional effects. Although, the medicinal properties of Achillea plants are recognized worldwide, there are only one review article mainly about the structures of the phytochemical constituents of Achillea. The present paper reviews the medicinal properties of various species of Achillea, which have been examined on the basis of the scientifc in vitro, in vivo or clinical evaluations. Various effects of these plants may be due to the presence of a broad range of secondary active metabolites such as flavonoids, phenolic acids, coumarins, terpenoids (monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes) and sterols which have been frequently reported from Achillea species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-186
Number of pages14
JournalDARU, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume19
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct 7

Keywords

  • Achillea
  • Asteraceae
  • Bioactive compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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