A risk prediction flowchart of vancomycin-induced acute kidney injury to use when starting vancomycin administration: A multicenter retrospective study

Takayuki Miyai, Shungo Imai, Hitoshi Kashiwagi, Yuki Sato, Shota Kadomura, Kenji Yoshida, Eri Yoshimura, Toshiaki Teraya, Takashi Tsujimoto, Yukari Kawamoto, Tatsuya Itoh, Hidefumi Ueno, Yoshikazu Goto, Yoh Takekuma, Mitsuru Sugawara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously constructed a risk prediction model of vancomycin (VCM)-associated nephrotoxicity for use when performing initial therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM), using decision tree analysis. However, we could not build a model to be used at the time of initial administration due to insufficient sample size. Therefore, we performed a multicenter study at four hospitals in Japan. We investigated patients who received VCM intravenously at a standard dose from the first day until the initial TDM from November 2011 to March 2019. Acute kidney injury (AKI) was defined according to the criteria established by the “Kidney disease: Improving global outcomes” group. We extracted potential risk factors that could be evaluated on the day of initial administration and constructed a flowchart using a chi-squared automatic interaction detection algorithm. Among 843 patients, 115 (13.6%) developed AKI. The flowchart comprised three splitting variables (concomitant drugs (vasopressor drugs and tazobactam/piperacillin) and body mass index ≥ 30) and four subgroups. The incidence rates of AKI ranged from 9.34 to 36.8%, and they were classified as low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups. The accuracy of flowchart was judged appropriate (86.4%). We successfully constructed a simple flowchart predicting VCM-induced AKI to be used when starting VCM administration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number920
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAntibiotics
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Decision tree analysis
  • Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Vancomycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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