We studied the role of monocyte chemoattractant (MCP)-4/CCL13 in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MCP-4 was highly expressed in cartilage from RA patients. Interferon-γ significantly stimulated MCP-4/CCL13 production in human chondrocytes, and this effect was enhanced in combination with interleukin-1β or tumor necrosis factor-α. MCP-4/CCL13 induces the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase in fibroblast-like synoviocytes and activates cell proliferation, and PD98059 completely inhibits these effects. These data suggest that interferon-γ in combination with interleukin-1β/tumor necrosis factor-α activates the production of MCP-4/CCL13 from chondrocytes in RA joints, and that secreted MCP-4/CCL13 enhances fibroblast-like synoviocyte proliferation by activating the extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade.
- Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)
- Monocyte chemoattractant protein-4 (MCP-4)/CCL13
- Rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology