Single nuclear spins in the solid state have long been envisaged as a platform for quantum computing[1-3], due to their long coherence times[4-6] and excellent controllability. Measurements can be performed via localised electrons, for example those in single atom dopants[8, 9] or crystal defects[10-12]. However, establishing long-range interactions between multiple dopants or defects is challenging[13, 14]. Conversely, in lithographically-defined quantum dots, tuneable interdot electron tunnelling allows direct coupling of electron spin-based qubits in neighbouring dots[15-20]. Moreover, compatibility with semiconductor fabrication techniques provides a compelling route to scaling to large numbers of qubits. Unfortunately, hyperfine interactions are typically too weak to address single nuclei. Here we show that for electrons in silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor quantum dots the hyperfine interaction is sufficient to initialise, read-out and control single silicon-29 nuclear spins, yielding a combination of the long coherence times of nuclear spins with the flexibility and scalability of quantum dot systems. We demonstrate high-fidelity projective readout and control of the nuclear spin qubit, as well as entanglement between the nuclear and electron spins. Crucially, we find that both the nuclear spin and electron spin retain their coherence while moving the electron between quantum dots, paving the way to long range nuclear-nuclear entanglement via electron shuttling. Our results establish nuclear spins in quantum dots as a powerful new resource for quantum processing.
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Apr 17|
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