Objective: Recent genome-wide association studies disclosed that several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) (+16860A/G), are associated with the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We assessed the usefulness of TRAF1 genotyping as a genetic predictor of the response to anti-TNF treatment in Japanese RA patients. Methods: TRAF1 (+16860A/G) was genotyped using the TaqMan SNP genotyping assay in 101 Japanese RA patients treated with anti-TNF drugs for >24 weeks. We retrospectively analysed the association between SNP and the clinical response to treatment. TRAF1 mRNA and protein expression was also evaluated in CD4+, CD8+, CD14+, or CD19+ cells from 25 healthy subjects using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and intracellular staining flow cytometry, respectively. Results: No statistical difference in DAS28-ESR at baseline was observed between the patient groups with the AA, AG, or GG genotype. The GG genotype was more frequent in non-responders than in good or moderate responders [odds ratio (OR) 7.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-37.5]. The non-responders possessed the G allele more frequently than the good or moderate responders (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.4-9.0). TRAF1 protein expression increased significantly in CD14+ monocytes from healthy subjects with the GG genotype compared with that in subjects with the AA or AG genotype. Conclusion: TRAF1 (+16860A/G) may be useful for predicting the clinical response to anti-TNF treatment and may contribute to resistance to treatment in RA patients with the GG genotype by increasing the TRAF1 expression in circulating inflammatory cells.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical and experimental rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Tumour necrosis factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy