Purpose: To develop a high-speed T2 mapping protocol that is capable of accurately measuring T2 relaxation time constants from a single-shot acquisition. Theory: A new echo-split single-shot gradient-spin-echo (GRASE) pulse sequence is developed to acquire multicontrast data while suppressing signals from most nonprimary echo pathways in Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) echoes. Residual nonprimary pathway signals are taken into consideration when performing T2 mapping using a parametric multiplexed sensitivity encoding based on projection onto convex sets (parametric-POCSMUSE) reconstruction method that incorporates extended phase graph modeling of GRASE signals. Methods: The single-shot echo-split GRASE-based T2 mapping procedure was evaluated in human studies at 3 Tesla. The acquired data were compared with reference data obtained with a more time-consuming interleaved spin-echo echo planar imaging protocol. T2 maps derived from conventional single-shot GRASE scans, in which nonprimary echo pathways were not appropriately addressed, were also evaluated. Results: Using the developed single-shot T2 mapping protocol, quantitatively accurate T2 maps can be obtained with a short scan time (<0.2 seconds per slice). Conclusion: Accurate T2 mapping with minimal signal contamination from CPMG high-order echo pathways can be achieved by the developed method that integrates single-shot echo-split GRASE acquisition and parametric-POCSMUSE reconstruction.
- Echo-split GRASE
- Extended phase graph analysis
- T mapping
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging