Multi-stack wafer bonding is one of the most promising fabrication techniques for creating three-dimensional microstructures, such as for power MEMS devices. However, there are several bonding issues that MEMS technologists have to face and overcome to successfully build multilayered structures. Among these are: (1) Chemical residues on surfaces to be bonded originating from the fabrication processes prior to bonding, (2) Increased stiffness due to multiple bonded wafers and/or thick wafers, (3) Bonding tool effects, and (4) Defect propagation to other wafer levels after high-temperature annealing cycles. The problems and the solutions presented here are readily applicable to any MEMS project involving the fabrication of multi-stack structures of two or more wafers containing intricate geometries and large etched areas.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS)|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Control and Systems Engineering