A sublethal ATP11A mutation associated with neurological deterioration causes aberrant phosphatidylcholine flipping in plasma membranes

Katsumori Segawa, Atsuo Kikuchi, Tomoyasu Noji, Yuki Sugiura, Keita Hiraga, Chigure Suzuki, Kazuhiro Haginoya, Yasuko Kobayashi, Mitsuhiro Matsunaga, Yuki Ochiai, Kyoko Yamada, Takuo Nishimura, Shinya Iwasawa, Wataru Shoji, Fuminori Sugihara, Kohei Nishino, Hidetaka Kosako, Masahito Ikawa, Yasuo Uchiyama, Makoto SuematsuHiroshi Ishikita, Shigeo Kure, Shigekazu Nagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ATP11A translocates phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), but not phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), from the outer to the inner leaflet of plasma membranes, thereby maintaining the asymmetric distribution of PtdSer. Here, we detected a de novo heterozygous point mutation of ATP11A in a patient with developmental delays and neurological deterioration. Mice carrying the corresponding mutation died perinatally of neurological disorders. This mutation caused an amino acid substitution (Q84E) in the first transmembrane segment of ATP11A, and mutant ATP11A flipped PtdCho. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed that the mutation allowed PtdCho binding at the substrate entry site. Aberrant PtdCho flipping markedly decreased the concentration of PtdCho in the outer leaflet of plasma membranes, whereas sphingomyelin (SM) concentrations in the outer leaflet increased. This change in the distribution of phospholipids altered cell characteristics, including cell growth, cholesterol homeostasis, and sensitivity to sphingomyelinase. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) showed a marked increase of SM levels in the brains of Q84E-knockin mouse embryos. These results provide insights into the physiological importance of the substrate specificity of plasma membrane flippases for the proper distribution of PtdCho and SM.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere148005
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume131
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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