Background One of the problems with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer is that it prolongs procedure time considerably. Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a videoendoscope with water-jet function shortened the time of ESD for early gastric cancer. Methods A total of 82 early gastric cancers that were intramucosal, differentiated-type adenocarcinoma ≤2 cm, without ulcer or scar, in 75 consecutive patients were investigated. Three supervised resident endoscopists participated as operators. After stratification by the operator and tumor location, the lesions were randomly assigned to the water-jet videoendoscope or a conventional videoendoscope groups. An insulated tipped knife was used for the ESD procedure. Total operation time was evaluated as a primary endpoint. Results The median (25-75th percentile) total operation time for the water-jet videoendoscope group was 51 (33-87) minutes, which was shorter than the 62 (43-88) minutes for the conventional videoendoscope, but it did not reach significance (P = 0.201). Multivariate analysis revealed that the water-jet videoendoscope (OR 3.0, P = 0.046), tumor size ≤14 mm (OR 3.2, P = 0.040) and antral tumor (OR 4.5, P = 0.046) were significantly associated with short (≤60 min) operation time. Conclusions The water-jet videoendoscope may reduce operation time of ESD for early gastric cancer, compared with conventional videoendoscope. A large-scale multicenter trial is warranted to clarify the efficacy of the waterjet videoendoscope for gastric ESD.
- Endoscopic submucosal dissection
- Endoscopic surgical procedures
- Gastric cancer
- Surgical endoscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas