Abatement of morphine-induced slowing in gastrointestinal transit by Dai-kenchu-to, a traditional Japanese herbal medicine

Tomonori Nakamura, Akiko Sakai, Issei Isogami, Kazuhiro Noda, Koichi Ueno, Shingo Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a way of alleviating severe constipation in cancer patients taking morphine to relieve pain, effects of Dai-kenchu-to (DKT), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine (Kampo medicine), on gastrointestinal transit in mice or on the isolated guinea pig ileum were studied in special reference to morphine. Without altering the anti-nociceptive effect of morphine, DKT was significantly effective against morphine-induced disorder of gastrointestinal transit in mice as assessed by the charcoal meal test for the intestine and measurement of transit time for the colon tract. The results of in vitro studies with guinea pig ileum suggest that abatement of morphine-induced disorder of transit by DKT is caused by both moderate contraction of morphine-treated longitudinal muscle and relaxation of morphine-induced tonic contraction of circular muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-221
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Pharmacology
Volume88
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Mar 25
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Constipation
  • Dai-kenchu-to
  • Morphine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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