Abe homotopy classification of topological excitations under the topological influence of vortices

Shingo Kobayashi, Michikazu Kobayashi, Yuki Kawaguchi, Muneto Nitta, Masahito Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Topological excitations are usually classified by the nth homotopy group πn. However, for topological excitations that coexist with vortices, there are cases in which an element of πn cannot properly describe the charge of a topological excitation due to the influence of the vortices. This is because an element of πn corresponding to the charge of a topological excitation may change when the topological excitation circumnavigates a vortex. This phenomenon is referred to as the action of π1 on πn. In this paper, we show that topological excitations coexisting with vortices are classified by the Abe homotopy group κn. The nth Abe homotopy group κn is defined as a semi-direct product of π1 and πn. In this framework, the action of π1 on πn is understood as originating from noncommutativity between π1 and πn. We show that a physical charge of a topological excitation can be described in terms of the conjugacy class of the Abe homotopy group. Moreover, the Abe homotopy group naturally describes vortex-pair creation and annihilation processes, which also influence topological excitations. We calculate the influence of vortices on topological excitations for the case in which the order parameter manifold is Sn/K, where Sn is an n-dimensional sphere and K is a discrete subgroup of SO(n+1). We show that the influence of vortices on a topological excitation exists only if n is even and K includes a nontrivial element of O(n)/SO(n).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-606
Number of pages30
JournalNuclear Physics B
Volume856
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 11

Keywords

  • Gaseous BECs
  • Homotopy theory
  • Liquid crystal
  • Superfluid helium 3
  • Topological defect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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