Acceleration control of powered wheelchairs with nil-mode-exciting profiler considering vibration characteristic of human body

Masaki Takahashi, Kyohei Okugawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recently, the number of people who need powered wheelchairs has been increasing due to aging society. Riding comfort is very important for people who use powered wheelchairs. In addition, wheelchairs must respond well to a velocity command signal with a joystick controller because collision must be avoided. The relation between ride comfort and fast response is a trade-off one. To solve these problems, a suitable reference torque signal should be designed. Thus, we propose a control system for powered wheelchairs that can reduce the vibration caused to the human head and upper body and achieve a fast response. Moreover, to guarantee robustness against parameter variations such as human weight and the friction of joints, a two-degrees-of-freedom control system that consists of feedforward and feedback controllers has been designed. We have designed a feedforward control input that uses the nil-mode-exciting (NME) profiler, which is called a "preshaping profiler". This preshaping profiler has a low-pass-shaped frequency characteristic. Therefore, no residual vibrations are caused at a frequency higher than a certain frequency (the sampling function frequency). In this study, the sampling function frequency has been designed in consideration of both vibration and response. To improve robustness against the variation of model parameters such as weight and friction, we have designed a wheel velocity feedback control added to the feedforward control. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, several numerical simulations have been carried out.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Volume1
ISBN (Print)9780791856123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013 - Palo Alto, CA, United States
Duration: 2013 Oct 212013 Oct 23

Other

OtherASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013
CountryUnited States
CityPalo Alto, CA
Period13/10/2113/10/23

Fingerprint

Acceleration control
Wheelchairs
Feedforward control
Probability density function
Friction
Sampling
Control systems
Velocity control
Controllers
Degrees of freedom (mechanics)
Feedback control
Wheels
Torque
Aging of materials
Feedback
Computer simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Takahashi, M., & Okugawa, K. (2013). Acceleration control of powered wheelchairs with nil-mode-exciting profiler considering vibration characteristic of human body. In ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013 (Vol. 1). [V001T15A002] American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2013-3813

Acceleration control of powered wheelchairs with nil-mode-exciting profiler considering vibration characteristic of human body. / Takahashi, Masaki; Okugawa, Kyohei.

ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2013. V001T15A002.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Takahashi, M & Okugawa, K 2013, Acceleration control of powered wheelchairs with nil-mode-exciting profiler considering vibration characteristic of human body. in ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013. vol. 1, V001T15A002, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013, Palo Alto, CA, United States, 13/10/21. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2013-3813
Takahashi M, Okugawa K. Acceleration control of powered wheelchairs with nil-mode-exciting profiler considering vibration characteristic of human body. In ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013. Vol. 1. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2013. V001T15A002 https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2013-3813
Takahashi, Masaki ; Okugawa, Kyohei. / Acceleration control of powered wheelchairs with nil-mode-exciting profiler considering vibration characteristic of human body. ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2013. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2013.
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