To elucidate the roles of macrophages in the pathogenesis of NOD murine diabetes, peritoneal macrophages from NOD mice were injected into young NOD mice. We used 12 to 20 week-old NOD mice of both sexes as donors, and sex-matched 2-week-old NOD mice as recipients. Cyclophosphamide (CY), 200 mg/kg, was intraperitoneally injected into the donors. Two weeks later, peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) were collected from the diabetic donors. Macrophagerich fractions (MRF) were collected by adherence. Then PEC(5-8 × 106) or MRF(3-7 × 106) were transferred, intraperitoneally, to the recipients. Two weeks later, some of the recipients were killed in order to perform immunofluorescent analysis of splenocytes and to assess pancreatic histology. Mac 1 positive splenocytes were increased in PEC- and in MRF-injected recipient mice. Insulitis was seen in PEC- and MRF-injected mice, but not in controls. Some of the recipients were injected with CY, 200 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, at two weeks post cell transfer. Two weeks after CY injection, the animals were examined for the presence of diabetes. The incidences of diabetes were 67% in PEC-injected mice, 40% in the MRF-injected group, and 3% in the controls. These results suggest that peritoneal macrophages accelerate the disease process in NOD mice.
- Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
- Non-obese diabetic mouse
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism