Accompanying arteries of the cutaneous veins and cutaneous nerves in the extremities: Anatomical study and a concept of the venoadipofascial and/or neuroadipofascial pedicled fasciocutaneous flap

Hideo Nakajima, Nobuaki Imanishi, Satoshi Fukuzumi, Toshiharu Minabe, Sadakazu Aiso, Toyomi Fujino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The arterial anatomy of the accompanying arteries of the cutaneous veins and cutaneous nerves in the extremities was investigated in 10 fresh cadavers that had been injected with a lead oxide-gelatin mixture throughout the entire body. It is well known that cutaneous nerves have neurocutaneous perforators, but it was found that cutaneous veins also have their own accompanying arteries as well. The accompanying arteries of the cutaneous veins had branches not only to the vein wall, but also to the skin, i.e., venocutaneous perforators. Based on these findings, the concept of the adipofascial pedicled fasciocutaneous flap using the accompanying arteries of the cutaneous veins, cutaneous nerves, or both was proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-791
Number of pages13
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Sep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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