ADAMTS5 is a biomarker for prediction of response to infliximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Kensei Tsuzaka, Yuka Itami, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Naoshi Shinozaki, Tetsuo Morishita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To identify a biomarker for prediction of the response to infliximab (IFX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we focused on a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 5 (ADAMTS5) that seems to play a key role in aggrecan degradation in cartilage. Methods. Seventy-three randomly selected patients with active RAwere treated with IFX. Peripheral blood samples were collected at baseline and ADAMTS5 messenger RNA (mRNA) was quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results. Baseline ADAMTS5 mRNA levels in the good responder group were significantly lower (1.84 ± 1.56; p = 0.0408) than those in the moderate and nonresponder groups (2.54 ± 1.70) at 38 weeks of treatment with IFX. The 28-joint count Disease Activity Score (DAS28) at 38 weeks of treatment was significantly lower in the low ADAMTS5 group (2.30 ± 1.28; p = 0.0038) than in the high ADAMTS5 group (3.90 ± 1.61). The percentage reduction of the DAS28 was significantly higher in the low ADAMTS5 group (52.5% ± 28.8%; p = 0.0156) than in the high ADAMTS5 group (29.4% ± 27.2%). Further, the Δ Health Assessment Questionnaire (ΔHAQ) score, an estimate of the improvement in the HAQ score, at 38 weeks of treatment was significantly higher in the low ADAMTS5 group (1.18 ± 0.60; p = 0.0102) than in the high ADAMTS5 group (0.21 ± 0.78). The positive predictive value of a low baseline ADAMTS5 level for predicting good response and remission (DAS28 < 2.6 at 38 weeks) was 90.0% and 70.0%, respectively. Conclusion. The baseline ADAMTS5 mRNA level is a candidate biomarker for prediction of the response to IFX in patients with RA. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1454-1460
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul

Keywords

  • ADAMTS aggrecanase
  • Arthritis
  • Biomarkers
  • Infliximab
  • Rheumatoid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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