Adaptability of alternative fuels to lean burn in 2-stroke ATAC engine (comparison between DME, methanol, ethanol, methane and propane)

Hajime Oguma, Takayoshi Ichikura, Norimasa Iida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

ATAC is "bulk-like" and/or "non-propagating" combustion process caused by compression autoignition of premixture, and it is stable in lean combustion region. And ATAC engine is expected to be an engine using alternative fuels which are difficult to apply to usual engines because of their generally low cetane number. In this study, a two-stroke ATAC engine test was carried out to evaluate an adaptability of alternative fuels for lean burn. Methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether (DME), methane and propane were used as the test fuels. Engine speed, BMEP and equivalence ratio were considered parameters. The influence of fuel characteristics on autoignition timing, combustion duration and autoignition gas temperature were investigated. Using oxygenated fuels, the lean limit of ATAC operating region shifts to lean side. ATAC autoignition temperature of each alternative fuel, except methane and propane, ranges from 950 K to 1150 K regardless of equivalence ratio, delivery ratio and engine speed, and it rises with increasing cetane number of fuel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1553-1559
Number of pages7
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume64
Issue number621
Publication statusPublished - 1998 May
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

burn-in
Alternative fuels
strokes
Propane
propane
engines
Ethers
ethers
spontaneous combustion
Methane
Methanol
Ethanol
ethyl alcohol
methane
methyl alcohol
Engines
cetane
Antiknock rating
equivalence
fuel tests

Keywords

  • Alternative fuels
  • ATAC
  • Autoignition
  • Combustion
  • Internal combustion engine
  • Lean-burn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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AU - Oguma, Hajime

AU - Ichikura, Takayoshi

AU - Iida, Norimasa

PY - 1998/5

Y1 - 1998/5

N2 - ATAC is "bulk-like" and/or "non-propagating" combustion process caused by compression autoignition of premixture, and it is stable in lean combustion region. And ATAC engine is expected to be an engine using alternative fuels which are difficult to apply to usual engines because of their generally low cetane number. In this study, a two-stroke ATAC engine test was carried out to evaluate an adaptability of alternative fuels for lean burn. Methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether (DME), methane and propane were used as the test fuels. Engine speed, BMEP and equivalence ratio were considered parameters. The influence of fuel characteristics on autoignition timing, combustion duration and autoignition gas temperature were investigated. Using oxygenated fuels, the lean limit of ATAC operating region shifts to lean side. ATAC autoignition temperature of each alternative fuel, except methane and propane, ranges from 950 K to 1150 K regardless of equivalence ratio, delivery ratio and engine speed, and it rises with increasing cetane number of fuel.

AB - ATAC is "bulk-like" and/or "non-propagating" combustion process caused by compression autoignition of premixture, and it is stable in lean combustion region. And ATAC engine is expected to be an engine using alternative fuels which are difficult to apply to usual engines because of their generally low cetane number. In this study, a two-stroke ATAC engine test was carried out to evaluate an adaptability of alternative fuels for lean burn. Methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether (DME), methane and propane were used as the test fuels. Engine speed, BMEP and equivalence ratio were considered parameters. The influence of fuel characteristics on autoignition timing, combustion duration and autoignition gas temperature were investigated. Using oxygenated fuels, the lean limit of ATAC operating region shifts to lean side. ATAC autoignition temperature of each alternative fuel, except methane and propane, ranges from 950 K to 1150 K regardless of equivalence ratio, delivery ratio and engine speed, and it rises with increasing cetane number of fuel.

KW - Alternative fuels

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KW - Internal combustion engine

KW - Lean-burn

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