Adaptation to delayed auditory feedback induces the temporal recalibration effect in both speech perception and production

Kosuke Yamamoto, Hideaki Kawabata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We ordinarily speak fluently, even though our perceptions of our own voices are disrupted by various environmental acoustic properties. The underlying mechanism of speech is supposed to monitor the temporal relationship between speech production and the perception of auditory feedback, as suggested by a reduction in speech fluency when the speaker is exposed to delayed auditory feedback (DAF). While many studies have reported that DAF influences speech motor processing, its relationship to the temporal tuning effect on multimodal integration, or temporal recalibration, remains unclear. We investigated whether the temporal aspects of both speech perception and production change due to adaptation to the delay between the motor sensation and the auditory feedback. This is a well-used method of inducing temporal recalibration. Participants continually read texts with specific DAF times in order to adapt to the delay. Then, they judged the simultaneity between the motor sensation and the vocal feedback. We measured the rates of speech with which participants read the texts in both the exposure and re-exposure phases. We found that exposure to DAF changed both the rate of speech and the simultaneity judgment, that is, participants’ speech gained fluency. Although we also found that a delay of 200 ms appeared to be most effective in decreasing the rates of speech and shifting the distribution on the simultaneity judgment, there was no correlation between these measurements. These findings suggest that both speech motor production and multimodal perception are adaptive to temporal lag but are processed in distinct ways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3707-3718
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 21


  • Delayed auditory feedback
  • Multimodal integration
  • Simultaneity judgment
  • Speech
  • Temporal recalibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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