Advanced Motion Control for Wheelchair Based on Environment Quarrier

Seiichiro Katsura, Kouhei Ohnishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An intelligent wheelchair for adaptation to unknown and/or unstructured environment is developed in this paper. In the motion control under open environment, it is necessary for a robot to adapt to interference from other systems and unknown environment. Since both of the human force and the external force from the environment are applied to a robot as a disturbance, it is difficult for a robot to decompose them into each mode. In order to solve the above problem, a novel force sensing method named “Environment Quarrier” is proposed in this paper. Two same types of robots are required and they are controlled in the same position, velocity and acceleration by bilateral control. One robot is in contact motion and the other is unconstrained. The gravity and the friction effects are identified by the disturbance observer. The purity of external force is obtained by subtracting the disturbance torque in the unconstrained robot from the constrained one. The proposed method is applied for a power-assist wheelchair. An operationality of a human and adaptability to the environment are improved. Sensorless force control based on the environment quarrier is one of the fundamental techniques for evolution of human-cooperative robots. The experimental results show viability of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-704
Number of pages7
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Industry Applications
Volume125
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Wheelchairs
Motion control
Robots
Force control
Gravitation
Torque
Friction

Keywords

  • acceleration control
  • disturbance observer
  • environment quarrier
  • haptics
  • human-robot interaction
  • motion control
  • wheelchair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Advanced Motion Control for Wheelchair Based on Environment Quarrier. / Katsura, Seiichiro; Ohnishi, Kouhei.

In: IEEJ Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 125, No. 7, 01.09.2005, p. 698-704.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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