Aging of oocyte, ovary, and human reproduction

Chris Ottolenghi, Manuela Uda, Toshio Hamatani, Laura Crisponi, Jose Elias Garcia, Minoru Ko, Giuseppe Pilia, Chiarella Sforza, David Schlessinger, Antonino Forabosco

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Abstract

We review age-related changes in the ovary and their effect on female fertility, with particular emphasis on follicle formation, follicle dynamics, and oocyte quality. The evidence indicates that the developmental processes leading to follicle formation set the rules determining follicle quiescence and growth. This regulatory system is maintained until menopause and is directly affected in at least some models of premature ovarian failure (POF), most strikingly in the Foxl2 mouse knockout, a model of human POF with monogenic etiology (blepharophimosis/ptosis/epicanthus inversus syndrome). Several lines of evidence indicate that if the ovarian germ cell lineage maintains regenerative potential, as recently suggested in the mouse, a role in follicle dynamics for germ stem cells, if any, is likely indirect or secondary. In addition, age-related variations in oocyte quality in animal models suggest that reproductive competence is acquired progressively and might depend on parallel growth and differentiation of follicle cells and stroma. Genomewide analyses of the mouse oocyte transcriptome have begun to be used to systematically investigate the mechanisms of reproductive competence that are altered with aging. Investigative and therapeutic strategies can benefit from considering the role of continuous interactions between follicle cells and oocytes from the beginning of histogenesis to full maturation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-131
Number of pages15
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1034
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Developmental competence
  • Follicle dynamics
  • Follicle endowment
  • Histogenesis
  • Meiotic competence
  • Oocyte quality
  • POF
  • Premature ovarian failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

Cite this

Ottolenghi, C., Uda, M., Hamatani, T., Crisponi, L., Garcia, J. E., Ko, M., Pilia, G., Sforza, C., Schlessinger, D., & Forabosco, A. (2004). Aging of oocyte, ovary, and human reproduction. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1034, 117-131. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1335.015