Allelopathic Activity of a Novel Compound, 5,6-Dihydrogen-11α-O-acetyl-12β-O-tigloyl-17β-marsdenin, and a Known Steroidal Glycoside from the Leaves of Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon

Seinn Moh Moh, Arihiro Iwasaki, Kiyotake Suenaga, Hisashi Kato-Noguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Medicinal plants are rich sources of bioactive substances that can be used to develop environmentally friendly weed control alternatives. Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon is a traditional medicinal plant well known for its pharmacological activities and several bioactive compounds. However, its allelopathy and related substances have not been reported. Hence, the present study was conducted to explore the allelopathic potential and substances from M. tenacissima leaves. Aqueous methanol extracts of M. tenacissima showed significant inhibitory activities against the growth of cress (Lepidium sativum L.) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.). The extracts were purified through various chromatography steps, and two allelopathic substances were isolated and determined by spectral data to be steroidal glycoside 1 (5,6-dihydrogen-11α-O-acetyl-12β-O-tigloyl-17β-marsdenin), a novel compound, and steroidal glycoside 2 (5,6-dihydrogen-11α,12β-di-O-tigloyl-17β-marsdenin). Both compounds significantly inhibited the growth of cress seedlings. Steroidal glycoside 1 showed 1.6-and 4-times greater growth inhibitory potential against the cress shoots and roots than steroidal glycoside 2. The concentrations needed for 50% growth inhibition of the cress seedling shoots and roots were 0.46 and 0.03 mM for steroidal glycoside 1, respectively, and 0.74 and 0.12 mM for steroidal glycoside 2, respectively. Therefore, these results suggest that steroidal glycosides 1 and 2 may be responsible for the allelopathy of the M. tenacissima leaves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1536
JournalAgronomy
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Keywords

  • Marsdenia tenacissima
  • allelopathic substance
  • medicinal plant
  • steroidal glycoside

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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