Allelopathic Potency and an Active Substance from Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis

Ichsan Nurul Bari, Hisashi Kato-Noguchi, Arihiro Iwasaki, Kiyotake Suenaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis is widely planted as an ornamental and medicinal plant in Indonesia. On the other hand, in some other countries this plant is classified as a noxious weed. As a harmful weed, A. cordifolia is reported to have the ability to smother all native vegetation, collapse canopies of tall trees, cultivate as a ground cover and disrupt native seedling development. There is no available information about the involvement of any allelochemicals from A. cordifolia related to these issues. The present study evaluated the allelopathic effect by isolating and identifying the allelopathic substance from A. cordifolia leaf extract. The allelopathic potency of A. cordifolia was determined by a series of bioassays of shoot and root growth on some selected test plants. Separation and purification of the active substances was achieved through several chromatography processes. Finally, the substances with allelopathic activity were identified through high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS) analysis and determined by the specific rotation of compound, proton and carbon NMR spectroscopies. The results show that A. cordifolia possesses allelopathic properties which affect other plant species. The isolated compound from the plant material, 3-hydroxy-alpha-ionone, may contribute to the allelopathic effects of A. cordifolia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134
JournalPlants
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1

Fingerprint

Anredera
weed
allelochemicals
allelochemical
medicinal plant
ground cover
noxious weeds
norisoprenoids
chromatography
purification
nuclear magnetic resonance
bioassay
allelopathy
ionization
shoot
mass spectrometry
spectroscopy
ornamental plants
canopy
seedling

Keywords

  • 3-hydroxy-alpha-ionone
  • Allelopathy
  • Anredera cordifolia
  • Seedling development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Allelopathic Potency and an Active Substance from Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis. / Bari, Ichsan Nurul; Kato-Noguchi, Hisashi; Iwasaki, Arihiro; Suenaga, Kiyotake.

In: Plants, Vol. 8, No. 5, 134, 01.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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